تبلیغات
نوجوان - ماهیّت مشکلات نوجوانان

امروز:

ماهیّت مشکلات نوجوانان


هر جامعه‌ای برای دستیابی به هدف‌های خویش مرزهائی برای عقاید و رفتارهای پسندیده و ناپسند انتخاب یا تعیین می‌کند و به وسیله قوانین جاری، آئین‌های دینی و اخلاقی و قواعد ‌گروهی و سازمانی بر آنها نظارت می‌کند این مرزها که از ارزش‌ها برمی‌خیزد هنجارها را نشان می‌دهند و در نهایت به تفکّر و رفتار آدمی نظم می‌دهند و آن را هدایت می‌کنند.

افراد نیز براساس هدف‌ها و نیازها (فردی و اجتماعی) آگاهانه یا نا آگاهانه و در ارتباط با شرایط محیطی، عقاید رفتارها، نقش‌ها، وظائفی بر عهده می‌گیرند و با دنیای اطراف خود پیوندی نسبی دارند که خود یک حالت تعادلی را نشان می‌‌دهد.

 

اگر عاملی این نقش‌ها و رفتارها را طوری تغییر دهد که تعادل فردی و اجتماعی او رامتغیرسازد می‌گوئیم مشکلی بوجود آمده است.

مشکل:پدیده‌ای را گویند که بر کارکرد فردی- اجتماعی شخصی و بر کارکرد گروه و یا جامعه معیّن اثر می‌گذارد و یا از آن متأثر می‌شود.

با توجه به تعاریف فوق نوجوانان معمولاً دارای مشکلات ویژه‌ای هستند که این نوع مشکلات با مشکلات دوران کودکی و بزرگسالی تفاوت زیادی دارند بهمین جهت از دوران نوجوانی غالباً به عنوان دوره مشکل و نامتعادل و غیرقابل پیش‌بینی تعریف شده است. این تعریف می‌تواند دارای دو معنی باشد.

1- مطالعات علمی نشان می‌‌دهد که دوره نوجوانی دارای مشکلات بسیاری است که باید هم برای نوجوانان و هم برای گروه اجتماعی او حل و فصل شود تا نوجوان شاد و مطمئن به توانایی خود شود.

2- نوجوان برای معلمان، والدین و جامعه (بطور کلّی) مشکل آفرین است زیرا مشکلات نوجوان گسترده‌تر از مشکلات کودکان است و افراد بیشتری را متأثر می‌سازد.

از طرفی نوجوان برای خود نیز مشکل‌زا است زیرا در نقش جدید خود در زندگی کاملاً سازگاری نیافته و در نتیجه غالباً سردرگم ،نامطمئن ومضطرب است و اگر این مشکل با پشتوانه عاطفی و راهنمایی والدین و مربیان حل نشود چه بسا که فرد را در حالت انتقال از کودکی به نوجوانی متوقف کند و رشد شخصیّت فرد را مختل نماید.

به‌طور کلّی می‌توان مشکلات نوجوانی را به دو دسته تقسیم کرد:

الف: مشکلات کلّی که نوجوان از دوران کودکی خویش در رفع و حلّ آنها کوشش داشته ولی در حل آن کاملاً موفق نبوده است.

ب: مشکلات ویژه که قسمت عمده آنها در رابطه با مرحله رشد او کاملاً طبیعی به نظر می‌رسد.


طرح مشکل‌شناسی

دوره نوجوانی و جوانی از آن جهت یکی از بحرانی‌ترین دوران زندگی فرد بشمار می‌رود که فرد در مرحله عبور از مرز کودکی به مرحله نوینی است که عمیق‌ترین تغییرات شخصیّتی و فیزیولوژیک را به همراه دارد و همواره برای سازگاری با موقعیت‌های جدید تلاش می‌کند.

بحران زمانی است که با اتخاذ تصمیمات نامناسب در این موقعیت درباره نوجوانان احتمال آن را دارد که کارشان به بزهکاری بیانجامد و بر عکس با چند حادثه و حتی لحظات آموزنده و خوشبختی آفرین ممکن است او را در مسیر یک برنامه‌ریزی صحیح و موفق برای آینده سوق دهد.

مشکلات این دوره مورد توجّه بسیاری از متخصصین قرار گرفته و دانشمندان زیادی این مشکلات را از دیدگاه‌های مختلف طرح و طبقه‌بندی نموده‌اند.

از دیدگاه رواشناسی بلوغ و نوجوانی و مسائل نوجوانان بیشتر از نظر فردی تحت عنوان‌های زیر بررسی می‌شوند:

1- رشدی

2- سازشی

3- شخصیتی.

روانشناسی اجتماعی مسائل نوجوانان را در زمره پدیده‌های اجتماعی می‌‌داند

از سوئی دیگر مسائلنوجوانان که به شکل اختلالات در فرد ظاهر می‌شوند باید در روانشناسی مرضی طرح و طبقه‌بندی شوند.

از مجموع نظرات محققین چنین استنباط می‌شود که مهمترین اقدام در جهت حلّ مشکل، تشخیص آن است. در تشخیص یک مشکل هم توجّه به نکات ذیل از اهمیّت بسیار بالایی برخوردار می‌باشد.

1- مشکلات نوجوانان و مسائل او غالباً آمیخته‌ای از چند اختلال است.

(بعضی از روانشناسان معتقدند آمیختگی بحدی است که دو شکل یکسان را بندرت می‌توان در رفتار افراد مشاهده کرد)

2- بین نوجوانانی که در آستانه بیماری روانی قرار دارند و نوجوان مسئله ساز از نظر بالینی علائم مشترکی دیده می‌شود.

3- نامگذاری و طبقه‌بندی مسائل نوجوانان مبنائی برای کمک گرفتن از مطالعات در ابتدای کار است ولی در عمل اختلالات از یکدیگر مجزا نیستند.

4- اختلالات بدنی، مشکلات عاطفی و رفتاری را بدنبال دارند و هم‌چنین مشکلات عاطفی و رفتاری گاه موجب اختلالاتی در نظم بدن می‌شوند بنابراین وجود اختلالات بدنی در مسئله داران را باید جدّی گرفت و آنرا با تعارض معادل نساخت.

5- اختلالات روانی دارای نشانه‌های فراوانی است که در این مجموعه به تعدادی از نشانه‌ها اشاره می‌شود.

6- در شناسائی عوامل ایجاد کننده اختلال در فرد توجّه به میزان تفاوت‌های فردی، میزان رشد شخصیّت، بلوغ عاطفی و ... از اهمیّت بالائی برخوردار است.


توصیه‌های لازم و نکاتی که در قضاوت والدین و مربیان درباره مشکلات نوجوانان باید مورد توجّه قرار گیرد:

- والدین و مربیان اغلب رفتاری از نوجوانان را که مخّل نظم و کار‌آئی در خانه و مدرسه است رفتار دشوار یا مشکل رفتاری توصیف می‌کنند. هر اندازه این رفتارها برای بزرگسالان ناراحت‌کننده باشد کاملاً غیرمنصفانه است که آنها را مشکلات رفتاری بدانند و دانش‌آموز را به خاطر آن یا رفتاری مشابه آن تنبیه نمایند.

غالب اشکال رفتار به واقع دشوار برای سنین پایین‌تر کاملاً هنجار است و بیشتر اوقات نوجوانان به رفتارهای ناپخته و نادرست تنها به این دلیل دست می‌زنند که یاد نگرفته‌اند نیازهای خویش را با شیوه‌های درست برآورده کنند.

هیچ نوع رفتار دشوار نوجوان را نباید به صرف آن از نوع مشکلات سنّی اوست و از بین خواهد رفت کم اهمیّت و نادیده گرفت

باید توجّه داشت که اشکال مختلفی از رفتار که برای سن خاص که در آن رخ می‌دهد هنجار است و نباید برای سن‌های بالاتر تحمّل گردد چه بسا این رفتارها باید اصلاح و بهبودی یابند زیرا رفتارهای فرد کم کم باید منبا اجتماعی و جامعه‌پسند خود را پیدا کنند.

-. چرا که احتمال بقای هر نوع رفتاری وجود دارد، از طرفی اگر این گونه رفتارها نادیده گرفته شود نوجوان فکر می‌کند رفتارش پسندیده است و آن را ادامه خواهد داد.

- در قضاوت رفتاری کودکان و نوجوانان به انگیزه‌ها باید توجّه داشته باشیم زیرا ممکن است فرد کار ضعیف را به انگیزه جلب توجّه، جلب محبّت و تأیید اجتماعی گروه هم‌سن خود انجام دهد.


نوشته شده در : چهارشنبه 1 آبان 1387  توسط : محمد جواد شریفیان.    نظرات() .

חדרים לפי שעה ברמת גן
سه شنبه 29 مرداد 1398 10:17 ق.ظ
appreciate it a good deal this fabulous website is proper in addition to simple
Hemorrhoids Chair
شنبه 26 مرداد 1398 03:55 ب.ظ
Wonderful beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site,
how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account aided me a acceptable deal.
I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept
דירה דיסקרטיות
دوشنبه 21 مرداد 1398 01:38 ب.ظ
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.
I'm having black coffee, he's developing a cappuccino.

He is handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses that fit his face, hazel eyes and the
prettiest lips I've seen. He is well built, with incredible arms
and also a chest that stands out about this sweater. We're
standing in the front of each other discussing our everyday life,
what we would like into the future, what we're interested in on another person. He starts telling
me that he's got been rejected loads of times.

‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ',
I only say He smiles at me, biting his lip.

‘Oh, I don't know. Everything happens for grounds right.

But let me know, utilize reject me, might you Ana?' He said.


‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, would you mind if I kissed you right now?' he stated as I buy far better him and kiss him.

‘Next time don't ask, do it.' I reply.

‘I love how you will think.' , he said.

At the same time, I start scrubbing my calcaneus in the leg, massaging it slowly. ‘So what can you enjoy in ladies? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I love determined women. Someone you never know what they want. A person that won't say yes because I said yes. Someone who's not scared when you try a new challenge,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when trying interesting things, especially when it comes to making something totally new in the bedroom ', I intimate ‘And I adore women that are direct, who cut with the chase, like you just did. Being
honest, that is a huge turn on.
busy Z holandii do polski
پنجشنبه 17 مرداد 1398 04:30 ق.ظ
Hello, for all time i used to check web site posts here in the early hours in the dawn, because i enjoy to
gain knowledge of more and more.
sexy2call
چهارشنبه 16 مرداد 1398 05:39 ق.ظ
The ads are be subject to all of the binding laws with the State of Israel.
נערת ליווי ברמת גן
دوشنبه 14 مرداد 1398 06:22 ب.ظ
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.

I'm having black coffee, he's which has a cappuccino.
He could be handsome. Brown hair slicked back,
glasses that suited his face, hazel eyes and the most wonderful lips I've seen.
He could be well made, with incredible arms and a chest that is different
within this sweater. We're standing right in front of each other referring to our
everyday life, what we wish into the future, what we're searching for on another person. He starts saying
that they have been rejected a lot of times.

‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you
', I only say He smiles at me, biting his lip.

‘Oh, I really don't know. Everything happens for a reason right.
But identify, would you reject me, would you
Ana?' He said.

‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, make use of mind if I kissed you right this moment?' he was quoted saying as I buy closer to him and kiss him.

‘The next occasion don't ask, do it.' I reply.

‘I prefer how you will think.' , he said.

At the same time, I start scrubbing my your back heel as part of his leg, massaging it slowly. ‘What do you like in females? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I love determined women. Someone you will never know what we want. A person who won't say yes because I said yes. Someone who's unafraid of trying new stuff,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when you try interesting things, especially when it comes to making something totally new in bed ', I intimate ‘And I really like girls that are direct, who cut in the chase, like you may did. For being
honest, which is a huge turn on.
שירותי ליווי ברמת גן
دوشنبه 14 مرداد 1398 09:24 ق.ظ
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.
I'm having black coffee, he's which has a cappuccino. He or she
is handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses for his face, hazel eyes and the most wonderful lips I've seen. They're well-built, with incredible arms and a chest that shines within this sweater.
We're standing in the front of one another dealing with our
lives, what we'd like money, what we're seeking on another person. He starts saying that
bigger been rejected lots of times.

‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ', I say He smiles at me, biting his lip.


‘Oh, I would not know. Everything happens for a good reason right.
But inform me, can you reject me, would you Ana?' He said.


‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, you would not mind if I kissed you currently?' he explained as I get better him and kiss him.

‘The next time don't ask, accomplish it.' I reply.

‘I enjoy how you will think.' , he said.

For the time being, I start scrubbing my rearfoot in the leg, massaging it slowly. ‘What can you enjoy in ladies? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I really like determined women. Someone to know what they want. Somebody that won't say yes simply because I said yes. Someone who's not afraid of trying something mroe challenging,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when you attempt a new challenge, especially in relation to making new things in the bedroom ', I intimate ‘And I adore females who are direct, who cut from the chase, like you merely did. To be
honest, that is a huge turn on.
וילות בצפון
دوشنبه 14 مرداد 1398 06:17 ق.ظ
thanks a lot considerably this fabulous website is usually conventional as well as everyday
וילות להשכרה
پنجشنبه 3 مرداد 1398 06:27 ب.ظ
thanks a whole lot this amazing site will be professional plus informal
helskens.be
سه شنبه 25 تیر 1398 07:26 ب.ظ
I am sure this article has touched all the internet users, its
really really fastidious paragraph on building up new webpage.
Najlepsze konta osobiste
یکشنبه 23 تیر 1398 09:19 ق.ظ
Actually when someone doesn't be aware of afterward its
up to other people that they will assist, so here
it takes place.
infos
یکشنبه 23 تیر 1398 08:35 ق.ظ
Excellent write-up. I absolutely love this website.
Keep writing!
Konto Dla Firmy
شنبه 22 تیر 1398 01:47 ب.ظ
Wow, this piece of writing is pleasant, my sister
is analyzing such things, thus I am going to inform her.
נערות ליווי
سه شنبه 18 تیر 1398 12:57 ب.ظ
"We've got to build completely to another crescendo, cheri," he
said. "And we all could have an ending that'll be as none before."

His smile was decadent, his eyes were filled up with
lust, as well as the soft skin of his hard cock against my sex was
having its intended effect. I used to be feeling a stronger arousal now as I felt his cock slide between my sensitive
lips. I felt the pinnacle of his cock push agonizingly at the entrance of my pussy, and I want to
him to thrust into me hard. Instead he retracted and slid his hardness back about my clit.



I'd been aching to have him inside, and I was able to tell that his need to push
that wonderful hard cock inside me was growing.
His moans grew to suit mine, and I knew the experience of my wet pussy lips around the head
of his cock was getting excessive for both of us.

"Permit finale begin," he was quoted saying, and hubby
slid the end of his cock inside me.

Both of us gasped as they held his cock there for the moment.
I contracted my pussy to tug him further inside, anf the husband threw
his head back on the sensation. Inch by excruciating inch he pushed his cock inside me, every
time I squeezed my pussy around him. His cock felt wonderful the way it filled me,
but I need to everything inside me. I rolled aside and rested my
leg against his shoulder, and then he plunged his cock entirely in.
נערות ליווי ברמת גן
سه شنبه 18 تیر 1398 10:48 ق.ظ
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park
in Singapore. I'm having black coffee, he's having
a cappuccino. They are handsome. Brown hair slicked back,
glasses that suited his face, hazel eyes and the prettiest lips I've seen. He
could be quality, with incredible arms including a chest that
is unique for this sweater. We're standing ahead
of each other dealing with people, what
we want in the future, what we're in search of on another person. He
starts telling me that bigger been rejected lots of times.


‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ', I only say He smiles at me, biting his lip.



‘Oh, I would not know. Everything happens for reasons right.
But figure out, can you reject me, might you Ana?' He said.


‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, can you mind if I kissed you today?' he said as I buy nearer to him and kiss him.

‘When don't ask, function it.' I reply.

‘I like how we think.' , he said.

At the same time, I start scrubbing my heel bone in his leg, massaging it slowly. ‘What exactly do you want in women? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I love determined women. Someone to know whatever they want. Somebody that won't say yes because I said yes. Someone who's not scared when attemping new stuff,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when attemping new stuff, especially in terms of making new things in the bedroom ', I intimate ‘And Everyone loves ladies who are direct, who cut from the chase, like you simply did. Being
honest, this is a huge turn on.
Sexy2Call
یکشنبه 16 تیر 1398 01:18 ق.ظ
Sexy2call Quick search and acquire the newest results Find a massage escort girl, discrete apartment or any perfect and indulgent recreation. Looking for escort girls?

Discrete apartments? Generate a quick search
by region
mexicoanuncio.com
شنبه 15 تیر 1398 01:14 ق.ظ
Thanks for another great post. Where else may anybody get that type of
information in such an ideal method of writing?
I've a presentation next week, and I am at the look for such info.
호빠구인
جمعه 14 تیر 1398 07:40 ق.ظ
this is a topic that is near to my haert best wishes where are your contact deatils though
נערות ליווי בתל אביב
چهارشنبه 12 تیر 1398 11:43 ق.ظ
Sexy2call Quick search and find the modern results Discover a massage escort girl, discrete apartment
or any perfect and indulgent recreation. Looking
for escort girls? Discrete apartments? Complete a quick search by region of Israel.
Chinese RX
یکشنبه 9 تیر 1398 02:46 ب.ظ
Superb post however I was wanting to know if
you could write a litte more on this topic? I'd be very thankful if you could elaborate a llittle bit more.

Appreciate it!
חדרים לפי שעה בראשון
یکشنبه 9 تیر 1398 03:41 ق.ظ
Index Search Villas and lofts to rent, search by region, find in a
few minutes a villa for rental by city, a number of
fernando martinez gomez tejedor
جمعه 7 تیر 1398 10:33 ق.ظ
It's going to be end of mine day, however before end I
am reading this fantastic article to improve my knowledge.
צימרים
پنجشنبه 6 تیر 1398 12:01 ق.ظ
Index Search Villas and lofts to book, search by region, find in a few minutes a
villa for rent by city, various rooms lofts and villas.
Be stunned at the photographs and information that they have to offer you.
The site is a center for everybody the ads inside
the field, bachelorette party? Use a buddy who leaves Israel?
Regardless of the the explanation you have to rent a villa for a forthcoming event
or just a group recreation suitable for any age. The site is also
the midst of rooms from the hour, which is already
another subject, for lovers who want an opulent room equipped for discreet entertainment that has a spouse or lover.
Regardless of the you are looking for, the 0LOFT website constitutes
a hunt for you to identify rentals for loft villas and rooms throughout Israel, North South and Gush Dan.
נערת ליווי חיפה
چهارشنبه 5 تیر 1398 08:21 ب.ظ
Sexy2call Quick search and find the latest results Discover
a massage escort girl, discrete apartment or
any perfect and indulgent recreation. Seeking escort girls?
Discrete apartments? Generate a quick search by region, the biggest portal in Israel
for discreet apartments and escort girls, a number of youth ads that provides you with service and guidance you did not know, browse by city and locate the dream girl for indulgence, business
meeting? Ads do not include and or provide and or encourage and or imply the provision of sexual services.
The ads are at the mercy of the many binding laws from the State of Israel.
밤알바
دوشنبه 3 تیر 1398 08:12 ب.ظ
great website,..plenty of useful information here ..im very happy that i came across this during my hunt
נערות ליווי באשדוד
دوشنبه 3 تیر 1398 07:23 ب.ظ
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.
I'm having black coffee, he's having a cappuccino.
He's handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses which fit
his face, hazel eyes and the prettiest lips I've seen. They're well-built, with incredible arms and also
a chest that is unique about this sweater. We're standing in-front of
one another referring to people, what we want for future years, what we're searching for on another person.
He starts saying that she has been rejected lots of times.

‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ', I
have faith that He smiles at me, biting his lip.


‘Oh, I really don't know. Everything happens for an excuse right.
But figure out, can you reject me, does one Ana?' He said.


‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, you would not mind if I kissed you currently?' he was quoted saying as I get much better him and kiss him.

‘The next time don't ask, do exactly it.' I reply.

‘I favor how you would think.' , he said.

Meanwhile, I start scrubbing my hindfoot within his leg, massaging it slowly. ‘Precisely what do you want in females? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I like determined women. Someone to know what you want. Someone that won't say yes although I said yes. Someone who's not scared of attempting new things,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when you try something totally new, especially in regards to making a new challenge in bed ', I intimate ‘And Everyone loves females who are direct, who cut with the chase, like you recently did. To become
honest, that is a huge turn on.'
buy pure cbd oil online
شنبه 1 تیر 1398 12:55 ب.ظ
Good day! I know this is kinda off topic however I'd figured I'd ask.

Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest
writing a blog article or vice-versa? My blog goes over a
lot of the same topics as yours and I think wwe coukd greatly benefit from
each other. If you are interested feel free to send me an e-mail.
I look forward to hearing from you! Excellent blog by tthe way!
נערות ליווי
یکشنبه 26 خرداد 1398 04:10 ب.ظ
"We have to build to a different crescendo, cheri," he said.
"And we are going to have an ending which is to be as none before."

His smile was decadent, his eyes were stuffed with lust,
as well as the soft skin of his hard cock against my sex was having its intended effect.
I used to be feeling a stronger arousal now as I felt his cock slide between my sensitive lips.
I felt your head of his cock push agonizingly at the doorway of my pussy, and
I need to him to thrust into me hard. Instead he pulled back and slid his hardness back as much
as my clit.

I'm aching to obtain him inside, and I can tell that his need to push that wonderful hard cock inside me was growing.
His moans grew to fit mine, and I knew the sensation of my
wet pussy lips for the head of his cock was getting a lot of
for both of us.

"Allow finale begin," he stated, and the man slid the end of his cock inside me.


We both gasped because he held his cock there for a moment.
I contracted my pussy to drag him further inside,
and that he threw his return within the sensation. Inch
by excruciating inch he pushed his cock inside me, and each
and every time I squeezed my pussy around him. His cock felt wonderful simply because it filled me,
but I want to everything inside me. I rolled to the side and
rested my leg against his shoulder, and that he plunged
his cock all the way in.
have a look
یکشنبه 19 خرداد 1398 04:47 ب.ظ
I all the time emailed this weblog post page to all my contacts, as
if like to read it then my links will too.
gai goi ha noi
سه شنبه 14 خرداد 1398 11:57 ق.ظ
Thanks for sharing your thoughts about ماهیّت.Regards
 
لبخندناراحتچشمک
نیشخندبغلسوال
قلبخجالتزبان
ماچتعجبعصبانی
عینکشیطانگریه
خندهقهقههخداحافظ
سبزقهرهورا
دستگلتفکر
نمایش نظرات 1 تا 30